Concord CBC: 165 Owls!

Now that we’ve shucked our CBC boots here is a retrospective look at Concord’s 57th, which was held midnight to midnight on January 2 under partly cloudy skies and in calm weather. Paths were glazed with ice and the walking was treacherous. The Concord circle encloses the whole or parts of 18 towns with 14 town sector coordinators and many more assistants—we are a huge count, measured by participation rate, and usually iheth-2-jan-2017n the top five or six of 2,500 count circles now established in the Western hemisphere and Pacific Islands. Field participation is around 190 and another 100 volunteers count birds in their yards and at feeders. Many field counters reported fewer songbirds than usual and observed depleted fruit supplies and bare pruned field edges. Seed-eating birds may have drifted to feeders. The mid December cold snap surely sent some populations to milder parts of New England or coastal regions. However, our tally is only 675 birds fewer than last year’s total of 35,860.

The same early December chill froze over ponds and lakes and most ducks had migrated. Flint’s Pond had reopened in one broad spot, but nary a duck or goose was in it. A few stretches and elbows of flowing water in the rivers were a refuge for the scant 13 common mergansers we had but Hager Pond as usual was still open for business with an assortment of NORTHERN PINTAILS (13), GADWALL (3), and a lone NORTHERN SHOVELER among the usual mallards, mute swans, Canada geese, and gulls. Wood duck took a year off with a CW.

No dramatic results to report for raptors this year except one NORTHERN GOSHAWK, always a terrific find, spotted by our Marlborough man. Count day saw one second year bald eagle along the Concord River, quite a slip from last year’s record 10.

Several CBCers rose in the early hours well before dawn for the love of owls and we had more nocturnal birders out than in any previous count. Our results for NORTHERN SAW-WHET OWL (45) and GREAT HORNED OWL (68), double last year’s tally, are stunning and it is unclear at this writing whether our results evince an increase in abundance, or that the owls were speaking up, or a higher effort on our part than in previous years. Many of the owls responded to broadcast audio recordings, but this writer found one or two great horneds already hooting at every large agricultural field upon his arrival. One volunteer (ahem!) silently explored for owls in a realm beyond human auditory and visual perception— extrasensory observational experiments are ongoing. Barred Owl did very well, too, with 31 and may set a record depending on effort calculations. Compared to previous count tallies, saw-whets were a big news story and our Northern saw-whet whisperer in Marlborough found elevennswo-and-prey of these diminutive fellows in one spot; he may well discover, though, that their year to year annual migration numbers are far more difficult to calculate than the orbital periods of asteroids that were once his expertise. Our final owl counts in no way show proportional abundance as the Northern saw-whet may be the most common wintering owl, with the local and stationary Eastern screech-owl pairs a close second and great horned, which occupy fairly large breeding territories, far, far behind in number.

The biggest surprise was spotted by the keen-eyed faculty of the Concord College of Field Ornithology who surveyed the Kaveski Farm agricultural fields and marshes. One class member proved again to be the fastest draw in the East with his camera and snapped a photo of a high flying LONG-EARED OWL, a very uncommon and typically nocturnal species that is quiet in migration and difficult to find on its winter roosts. Many thanks to a staff expert at Harvard’s Museum of Comparative Zoology for nailing this difficult I.D. We certainly missed it!

Both RED-BELLIED WOODPECKER (418)  and PILEATED WOODPECKER (65) achieved new count highs. Red-bellieds continue their upward ascent, having taken off in the late nineteen eighties. A single exotic visitor showed up in 1968; previous to that antediluvian year they were unknown to the count. With the maturing of forest trees, and being remarkably adaptive to fragmented suburban forestlands, pileated woodpeckers, too, are showing a less dramatic, but steady population increase over time since their extirpation by hunters and collectors and loss of habitat to the felling of the great forests to agriculture in the 18th and early 19th Centuries.

woodpecker_maco-1960-15

You’ve heard this before, but gulls, again, showed historically weak numbers, with RING-BILLED GULL at 81, a new low for for that one. Piggeries are shuttered, open dumps are capped, and the free lunch counters that once brought thousands have sent these birds, primarily the herring gulls, elsewhere, most likely for good.

gulls_maco-1960-15

Tufted Titmouse and Northern Cardinal, whose numbers are holding steady, were Count Week birds in 1960, at the inception of the Concord CBC.

tuti_noca-maco-1960-15

Our sole warbler was a single wintering PINE WARBLER, living the good life dining on suet cake at a Lincoln feeder. We haven’t seen a yellow-rump in five years!

Our largest record tally this year was achieved by one of our winter visitors, HORNED LARK (555), the majority of that number at Acton’s School Street Fields. The spectacle of huge flocks of tundra breeders showing there, and enjoyed by many birders, also included about 100 SNOW BUNTINGS and 2 LAPLAND LONGSPURS, birds we do not see every year.

Record low count species were the typically abundant COMMON MERGANSER (13), which may be accounted for by an early freeze over of the big lakes, and WHITE-THROATED SPARROW at 178, the lowest ever for reasons that are not conclusively known at this time. Purple finch (2) barely made an appearance this year, but was once a common count day bird in the early years, with tallies well into double digits. Purples have swapped places with house finch, which made its debut in 1964 with a solitary individual. In 1993 we tallied 1,390 house finches before eye disease pruned their numbers back to 585 in 1998 and we’ve seen a modest recovery since.

hofi_pufi-graph

Finally, at the tail end of every checklist, is house sparrow (3,326), which showed another uptick this year. However, 1960, the first year of our count, still holds the record for these, adjusted for participation level when just seven small parties found 840.

hosp_maco-1960-15

Most of us do not find rarities, but tallying the common birds is what this project is really about and considerable respect is due the heroic effort put in by our chickadee-counting foot soldiers afield and our volunteers watching their yards and feeders. For the second year, we wish to acknowledge the contributions of our talented young birders, the next generation, many of them members of the Massachusetts Young Birders Club, who made a long day and a night of it in Lincoln and Concord.

And, finally, a brief eulogy for one of our most reliable Concord count volunteers we may not see again. He wasn’t with us long—only five years—but for those five years he made an astonishing round trip journey of 4,000 to 5,000 miles every season to join us on count day, which may not show a love for us or our count or any knowledge of its purposes, but was surely a dramatic and moving expression of perseverance, adaptation, and evolutionary destiny. If, as an old joke goes, eighty percent of life is just showing up, our humble “Oregon” junco had in no small measure exceeded that expectation and, possibly, any common everyday human achievement.

Many thanks to all our town coordinators, their assistants, and our feeder watchers and field team volunteers for making our 57th another success, and as always we extend our gratitude to the local sponsor of our count, SUDBURY VALLEY TRUSTEES, and most especially SVT executive director Lisa Vernegaard who hosted our potluck supper and compilation in the cozy Wolbach farmhouse. Thanks, again, Lisa!

Please join us on Saturday December 30, 2017 for another winter birding adventure!


The following counts are early tabulations and may be updated or corrected. CW: Count Week. Caps: Very rare for our count, historically.

Canada Goose-3,552
Mute Swan-26
Wood Duck-CW
Gadwall-3  65 in 1973, but our count date then was Dec 16!
American Black Duck-78 508 in 1973, but our count date was Dec 16!
Mallard-845
Northern Shoveler-1 Not every year-very uncommon in winter.
Northern Pintail-13  47 in 2001.
Common Goldeneye-2
Hooded Merganser-8 Lack of open water habitat.
Common Merganser-13 Low count, possibly record low.
Wild Turkey-278
Great Blue Heron-13
Northern Harrier-8
Sharp-shinned Hawk-12
Cooper’s Hawk-28 Way down; 43 last year.
Northern Goshawk-1
accipter sp.-3
Bald Eagle-1  2nd year seen along the Concord River in Concord.
Red-shouldered Hawk-2 Seven in 1995. Never abundant.
Red-tailed Hawk-193 Almost a tie with 2008.
American Coot-1  304 in 2011!
Ring-billed Gull-81 Possible record low count.
Herring Gull-10 One more than last year’s dismal count. 4,996 in 1996.
Great Black-backed Gull-1 Almost totally extinct.
Rock Pigeon-512  1,390 in 1980.
Mourning Dove-1,924
Eastern Screech Owl-20  Peaked in 1980 with 65.
Great Horned Owl-68 Record high count; double last year’s tally.
Barred Owl-31 Possibly record high count.
LONG-EARED OWL-1 Unusual species. Five previous records. Perkins party.
Northern Saw-whet Owl-45 Record high count.
Belted Kingfisher-8
Red-bellied Woodpecker-418 Record high count.
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker-1 Zero to 1 typical.
Downy Woodpecker-593
Hairy Woodpecker-187
Northern Flicker-42
Pileated Woodpecker-65 Record high count, more than double 2014’s record.
American Kestrel-1  Concord sector Perkins party
Merlin-2  Concord sector S. P. party
Northern Shrike-4
Blue Jay-2,338 Good mast crop.
American Crow-731
Common Raven-13
Horned Lark-555 Record high count.
Black-capped Chickadee-2,906
Tufted Titmouse-1,862 Count week bird in 1960, the inception of the count.
Red-breasted Nuthatch-26 Irruptive: 301 in 1990. Last year: 4.
White-breasted Nuthatch-1,074
Brown Creeper-49
Winter Wren-9
Marsh Wren-1
Carolina Wren-112
Golden-crowned Kinglet-60  273 in 1973 Dec 16.
Ruby-crowned Kinglet-2 Northern edge of the winter range.
Eastern Bluebird-423
Hermit Thrush-10
American Robin-1,854  7,591 in one area in one town in 2003.
Northern Mockingbird-62  314 in 1980; once more abundant, level now.
European Starling-2,564 18,000 in 1971 when local dairy farming was a going business.
American Pipit-5
Cedar Waxwing-344  1,365 in 2002.
Lapland Longspur-2 Not every year.
Snow Bunting-131
Pine Warbler-1 Feeder bird in Lincoln sector.
American Tree Sparrow-468 The new normal for these.  2,168 in 1998.
Field Sparrow-2
Fox Sparrow-8
Dark-eyed Junco-3,103  Exceptional 2009 brought 9,562.
White-throated Sparrow-178 Possible record low count.
Savannah Sparrow-5  53 in 2006.
Song Sparrow-374
Swamp Sparrow-15
Northern Cardinal-864 Count Week bird in 1960!
Red-winged Blackbird-34  850 in 1984.
Rusty Blackbird-1
Common Grackle-30  442 in 1984.
Brown-headed Cowbird-1  Trending down. 549 in 1973, Dec 16, early count date.
House Finch-824 A single HOFI debuted in 1964! 1,390 in 1993.
Purple Finch-2  612 in 1982.
Red Crossbill-CW
Pine Siskin-2
American Goldfinch-1,716
House Sparrow-3,326 Higher than usual count. The record, adjusted for participation level, is still 1960.

No. Count Day Individuals    35,180
No. Count Day Species        83
No. of CW Species        2

white-throated-sparrow-roosting

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National Audubon’s 117th Winter Bird Count

coopers-in-snow-2The Concord Count’s 57th is open for business! Please connect with your town coordinators in December and sign up to join a field party, tally birds at your feeders, or both on Count Day, the 2nd of January midnight to midnight, the school New Year holiday. (Don’t forget Count Week, which brackets the big day three days before and three following.) The potluck supper and countdown will be held the following evening at Sudbury Valley Trustees’ Wolbach farmhouse. Doors open at 6:30. Please contact your coordinator and let us know if you are attending because we have a house limit of forty guests, including essential personnel. We don’t want to turn guests away at the door.

First time volunteers should click on the tab above named Join the Count and explore our website. Our town count coordinators are cheerfully waiting to hear from you and can be contacted by clicking on your town, shown to your right on the sidebar. If you live outside the Concord circle you are welcome to join any town accepting new participants. NEWS FLASH: Sudbury and Lincoln need field party leaders who are experienced birders. This year there are sections that are no longer covered. Carlisle and Acton are full-up but will accept new feeder counters. You do not need to live in the count circle to lead a party.

Our checklists and town coordinator documents have been updated to match the revised NAS taxonomic order. Please download them from the Checklists & Forms pages. My job as your data entry slave will be dramatically more time efficient if you submit your data on the new documents. Many thanks!

We are locally sponsored by Sudbury Valley Trustees, a regional land trust that owns and actively stewards seventy properties totaling over 2,200 acres in permanent conservation that provide vital habitat for birds and other animal and plant communities. Some of these properties are censuseoregon-junco-snowd on the count. SVT kindly hosts our evening countdown and pot luck supper when we compile our results. We urge you to donate to SVT and become a member. Click on the marsh wren perched on a cattail at the bottom of the page. Consider sharing your skills and talents by volunteering. Sign up for SVT’s Nature Sightings page and contribute your photos and videos.

The Christmas Bird Count is run by the National Audubon Society in partnership with Bird Studies Canada, the North American Breeding Bird Survey, and the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. Veteran field participants remember when they actually had to pay to participate. Joining the the count is free but it still needs your contributions. Please make a donation to the CBC to support the science and the welfare of our North American birds by clicking on the Audubon logo below.

Now available in the paperless editions: The 116th Christmas Bird Count Summary by Geoffrey S. LeBaron and The 116th CBC in New England.

SVT-LOGOaudubon-logo-post-pagelogo_cornell-lab

 


We are not “on” Twitter, but if we were. . .

Concord Christmas Bird Count @realConcordCBC
In 1963 we tallied 63 EASTERN MEADOWLARKS. This species has been totally absent from our count for 33 years except for one individual in 1998. Sad.

eastern-meadowlark

Concord Christmas Bird Count @realConcordCBC
MUTE SWAN: Zero in 1996; 70 in 2014. A scourge in Michigan. Is Mass. next?

Concord Christmas Bird Count @realConcordCBC
Eighteen thousand—yes, that is 18,000—EUROPEAN STARLINGS on the 1971 count. That is half the number of ALL species summed together on recent counts. The decline and fall of local dairy farming?european-starling

Concord Christmas Bird Count @realConcordCBC
AMERICAN KESTREL made annual CBC appearances until the turn of this century and has now vanished from the count. Seventeen in 1976. This is a story that has been reported not just on CBCs, but also on breeding bird surveys.

american-kestrel

Concord Christmas Bird Count @realConcordCBC
COOPER’S HAWK—The flip side of the kestrel coin tallying 0 in 1986; comeback kid by 1994 and still climbing into the stratosphere “big league.”

coopers-hawk

Concord Christmas Bird Count @realConcordCBC
RED-BELLIED WOODPECKER was an exotic interloper in 1968 when a single individual was spotted. RBWO made regular appearances in single digits in the early nineteen eighties and triple digits this decade. Last year we hit one out of the park with 321. Holy range expansion, Batman!

red-bellied-woodpecker

Concord Christmas Bird Count @realConcordCBC
A single BALD EAGLE sashayed into the circle in 1993 and shortly after the inauguration of the 21st Century we reliably tallied one a year. Last year, with a lot of open water and the steady increase in breeding pairs in New England, we had ten, doubling the previous record.

Concord Christmas Bird Count @realConcordCBC
On last year’s count HERRING GULL, which in recent years plummeted to double digit counts from an historic high of 4,996, took a perilous nosedive to nine. Open dumps and landfills are capped. No more free lunch for these guys.

herring-gull

Concord Christmas Bird Count @realConcordCBC
RUFFED GROUSE, once reliably reported in double digits in the very early years of the Concord count totally vanished in 2006. Gone but not forgotten.

ruffed-grouse

Concord Christmas Bird Count @realConcordCBC
NORTHERN CARDINAL−Count Week bird in 1960. By the nineteen seventies  annual tallies rocket skyward. Counts today vary around 1000.

Concord Christmas Bird Count @realConcordCBC
TUFTED TITMOUSE, same story: CW year one in 1960 and now averaging 1,500. Another species living at the intersection of Easy Street and suburban backyard feeders.

tutu_noca

Concord Christmas Bird Count @realConcordCBC
Here today, gone tomorrow and back again: irruptive and nomadic species. Spiked!

red-breasted-nuthatch

pine-siskin

common-redpoll

crossbills

 

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